December 09, 2002 Copyright © by United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
- 1 So I exhort the presbyters 2 among you, as a fellow presbyter and witness to the sufferings of Christ and one who has a share in the glory to be revealed.
- Tend the flock of God in your midst, (overseeing) not by constraint but willingly, as God would have it, not for shameful profit but eagerly.
- Do not lord it over those assigned to you, but be examples to the flock.
- And when the chief Shepherd is revealed, you will receive the unfading crown of glory. 3
- 4 Likewise, you younger members, 5 be subject to the presbyters. And all of you, clothe yourselves with humility in your dealings with one another, for: "God opposes the proud but bestows favor on the humble."
- So humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time.
- Cast all your worries upon him because he cares for you.
- Be sober and vigilant. Your opponent the devil is prowling around like a roaring lion looking for (someone) to devour.
- Resist him, steadfast in faith, knowing that your fellow believers throughout the world undergo the same sufferings.
- The God of all grace who called you to his eternal glory through Christ (Jesus) will himself restore, confirm, strengthen, and establish you after you have suffered a little.
- To him be dominion forever. Amen.
- I write you this briefly through Silvanus, 6 whom I consider a faithful brother, exhorting you and testifying that this is the true grace of God. Remain firm in it.
- The chosen one 7 at Babylon sends you greeting, as does Mark, my son.
- Greet one another with a loving kiss. Peace to all of you who are in Christ.
Table of Contents Previous Chapter The Book of Second Peter
1 [1-4] In imitation of Christ, the chief shepherd, those entrusted with a pastoral office are to tend the flock by their care and example.
2  Presbyters: the officially appointed leaders and teachers of the Christian community (cf 1 Tim 5:17-18; Titus 1:5-8; James 5:14).
3  See the note on 1 Peter 2:25.
4 [5-11] The community is to be subject to the presbyters and to show humility toward one another and trust in God's love and care (1 Peter 5:5-7). With sobriety, alertness, and steadfast faith they must resist the evil one; their sufferings are shared with Christians everywhere (1 Peter 5:8-9). They will be strengthened and called to eternal glory (1 Peter 5:10-11).
5  Younger members: this may be a designation for office-holders of lesser rank.
6  Silvanus: the companion of Paul (see 2 Cor 1:19; 1 Thes 1:1; 2 Thes 1:1). Jews and Jewish Christians, like Paul, often had a Hebrew name (Saoul, Silas) and a Greek or Latin name (Paul, Silvanus). On Silvanus's possible role as amanuensis, see Introduction.
7  The chosen one: feminine, referring to the Christian community (ekklesia) at Babylon, the code name for Rome in Rev 14:8; 17:5; 18:2. Mark, my son: traditionally a prominent disciple of Peter and co-worker at the church in Rome, perhaps the John Mark referred to in Acts 12:12, 25; 13:5, 13; and in Acts 15:37-39, a companion of Barnabas. Perhaps this is the same Mark mentioned as Barnabas's cousin in Col 4:10, a co-worker with Paul in Philippians 1:24 (see also 2 Tim 4:11).
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