December 09, 2002 Copyright © by United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
- 1 A song; a psalm of Asaph.
- God, do not be silent; God, be not still and unmoved!
- See how your enemies rage; your foes proudly raise their heads.
- They conspire against your people, plot against those you protect.
- They say, "Come, let us wipe out their nation; let Israel's name be mentioned no more!"
- They scheme with one mind, in league against you:
- 2 The tents of Ishmael and Edom, the people of Moab and Hagar,
- Gebal, Ammon, and Amalek, Philistia and the inhabitants of Tyre.
- Assyria, too, in league with them gives aid to the descendants of Lot. Selah
- 3 Deal with them as with Midian; as with Sisera and Jabin at the torrent Kishon,
- Those destroyed at Endor, who became dung for the ground.
- Make their nobles like Oreb and Zeeb, all their princes like Zebah and Zalmunna,
- Who made a plan together, "Let us seize the pastures of God."
- My God, turn them into withered grass, into chaff flying before the wind.
- As a fire raging through a forest, a flame setting mountains ablaze,
- Pursue them with your tempest; terrify them with your storm.
- Cover their faces with shame, till they pay you homage, LORD.
- Let them be dismayed and shamed forever; let them perish in disgrace.
- Show them you alone are the LORD, the Most High over all the earth.
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1 [Psalm 83] The community lament complains to God of the nations' attempts to wipe out the name of Israel (Psalm 83:1-8). The psalmist sees all Israel's enemies throughout its history united in a conspiracy (Psalm 83:2-8). May God destroy the current crop of enemies as the enemies of old were destroyed (Psalm 83:9-12), and may they be pursued until they acknowledge the name of Israel's God (Psalm 83:13-18).
2 [7-9] Apart from the Assyrians, all the nations listed here were neighbors of Israel. The people of . . . Hagar: a tribe of the desert regions east of Ammon and Moab (1 Chron 5:10, 19-22). Gebal is the Phoenician city of Byblos or perhaps a mountain region south of the Dead Sea. The descendants of Lot are Moab and Edom (Genesis 19:36-38 and Deut 2:9). These nations were never united against Israel in the same period; the psalm has lumped them all together.
3 [10-13] For the historical events, see Jdgs 4-8.
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