- 1 2 For the leader; according to "Lilies." Eduth. A psalm of Asaph.
- Shepherd of Israel, listen, guide of the flock of Joseph! From your throne upon the cherubim reveal yourself
- to Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasseh. Stir up your power, come to save us.
- O LORD of hosts, restore us; Let your face shine upon us, that we may be saved.
- LORD of hosts, how long will you burn with anger while your people pray?
- You have fed them the bread of tears, made them drink tears in abundance.
- You have left us to be fought over by our neighbors; our enemies deride us.
- O LORD of hosts, restore us; let your face shine upon us, that we may be saved.
- 3 You brought a vine out of Egypt; you drove away the nations and planted it.
- You cleared the ground; it took root and filled the land.
- The mountains were covered by its shadow, the cedars of God by its branches.
- 4 It sent out boughs as far as the sea, shoots as far as the river.
- Why have you broken down the walls, so that all who pass by pluck its fruit?
- The boar from the forest strips the vine; the beast of the field feeds upon it.
- Turn again, LORD of hosts; look down from heaven and see; Attend to this vine,
- the shoot your right hand has planted.
- Those who would burn or cut it down-- may they perish at your rebuke.
- 5 May your help be with the man at your right hand, with the one whom you once made strong.
- Then we will not withdraw from you; revive us, and we will call on your name.
- LORD of hosts, restore us; let your face shine upon us, that we may be saved.
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Footnotes1 [Psalm 80] A community lament in time of military defeat. Using the familiar image of Israel as a vineyard, the people complain that God has broken down the wall protecting the once splendid vine brought from Egypt (Psalm 80:9-14). They pray that God will again turn to them and use the Davidic king to lead them to victory (Psalm 80:15-19). 2 Lilies . . . . Eduth: the first term is probably the title of the melody to which the psalm was to be sung; the second is unexplained.
3 A vine: a frequent metaphor for Israel. Cf Isaiah 5:1-7; 27:2-5; Jer 2:21; Hosea 10:1; Matthew 21:33.
4 The sea: the Mediterranean. The river: the Euphrates. Cf Genesis 15:18; 1 Kings 5:3(1). The terms may also have a mythic nuance--the seas that surround the earth; sea and river are sometimes paralleled in poetry.
5 The man at your right hand . . . the one: the Davidic king who will lead the army in battle.
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