- 291 million people are living in poverty, nearly half the population. 75 million have been added since 1987 (highest increase of any region in the world).
- More than 100 million children are malnourished.
- The infant mortality rate is 15 times higher than in high-income countries. For children under five, the mortality rate exceeds 20% in Burkina Faso and Malawi (1998 figures).
Lack of Education
- More than 130 million youths and adults cannot read. Fewer than 10% of girls in the poorest areas of Ethiopia, Guinea, Gambia and Mali are enrolled in school.
- Poverty and disease are mutually reinforcing: Teachers are dying from HIV/AIDS faster than they can be replaced. In Ivory Coast, five teachers reportedly die each week of the school year.
- 2.4 million Africans died from HIV/AIDS in 2000
- 1.6. million Africans die each year from malaria and tuberculosis (TB)
- 2 million new TB cases in 1999. Two-thirds of these were also infected with HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS infection means that a person with the TB germ is more than 30 times more likely to become sick with TB.
- The number of TB cases in Africa is expected to reach 3.3. million by 2005.
- 25 million people in the region are infected with HIV. Infection rate on average is one new case every 8 seconds
- Infection rate in Botswana is 35%. Infection rate for girls aged 15-19 is more than 15%.
- At least 6.5 million AIDS orphans, likely to double by 2010.
- The economic infrastructure is adequate in some countries but in other countries needs to be built or improved. Without sound economic infrastructure, health efforts will fail.